Nikonov Eduard Germanovich, Doctor of Science (Phys & Math), professor, Dubna State University, Institute of the system analysis and management
Samsonov Alexey Dmitrievich, student, Dubna State University, Institute of the system analysis and management
This work is devoted to the analysis of methods for processing data of remote sensing of the Earth, as well as a review of the characteristics of the corresponding software products. In the modern world, GIS technologies are very actively used in the tasks of forecasting, monitoring the territory, assessing the degree of emergencies danger, etc. Most of the methods for solving this type of problems are based on models implemented in paper or electronic form. However, there are methods based not on a model, but on fixing the state of the Earth as a celestial object. Such methods include remote sensing of the Earth using near-Earth artificial satellites. In this paper, the methodology and the corresponding methods of processing the data of remote sensing of the Earth, as well as software products based on the above methods, which allow processing these data, are considered. The paper considers and analyzes the problems arising in the processing of Earth remote sensing data, provides a list of tasks and methods used to solve these problems, as well as comparative characteristics of software products used to solve the above-mentioned tasks.
KEYWORDS: ERS data, Earth remote sensing data, geographic information systems, data processing, image processing, big data.